Connecticut state track & trace system

In Connecticut, the regulation and monitoring of cannabis products, including the use of Biotrack, is overseen by the Department of Consumer Protection Drug Control Division. Biotrack is used as a seed-to-sale tracking system to monitor the movement of cannabis products within the state’s medical and adult-use cannabis markets. This system tracks cannabis inventory from the initial planting stage to the final sale to consumers, providing real-time inventory updates and preventing unlawful product diversion.

The Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection (DCP) is responsible for licensing and regulating all medical and adult use cannabis establishments in the state. However, as of now, the DCP is not accepting applications for medical marijuana establishment licenses, with future plans to provide more information regarding the new licensing process for these establishments.

There are various types of licenses in Connecticut, each with specific roles and requirements:

  1. Retailer and Hybrid Retailer Licenses: Retailers are licensed to sell adult use cannabis and cannabis products to consumers over 21 years old, while hybrid retailers can also sell medical marijuana products to qualifying patients and caregivers.
  2. Cultivator and Micro-cultivator Licenses: Cultivators are licensed to cultivate cannabis with at least 15,000 square feet of grow space. Micro-cultivators can start with a facility between 2,000–10,000 square feet, with the possibility to expand.
  3. Manufacturer Licenses: This includes product manufacturers who perform cannabis extractions and other processing activities, food and beverage manufacturers who incorporate cannabis into food products, and product packagers who ensure compliance with state laws and regulations.
  4. Delivery Services and Transporters: Delivery services are licensed to deliver cannabis from establishments to consumers, patients, and caregivers, while transporters deliver between cannabis establishments, laboratories, and research programs.

The application process for these licenses involves a nonrefundable application fee dependent on the license type and social equity status. Applicants go through a lottery process, and if selected, submit provisional and final applications with corresponding nonrefundable fees. Backers of the applicants are also subject to a state and national criminal history records check.

The license fees vary depending on the type of license and the applicant’s social equity status. For example, for retailers (including hybrid retailers), non-social equity applicants pay a $500 lottery application fee, a $5,000 provisional application fee, and a $25,000 licensing fee. Social equity applicants have reduced fees: $250 for the lottery, $2,500 for provisional, and $12,500 for the licensing fee. Similar fee structures apply to other license types like cultivators, micro-cultivators, product manufacturers, and delivery/transport services.

These details provide a comprehensive overview of the regulatory requirements, license types, and associated costs for Biotrack users in Connecticut.

Steps to Apply for a Cannabis License

In Connecticut, there are several types of cannabis licenses and registrations, each with specific rules and functions:

  1. Growing Licenses:
  • Cultivator: Grows cannabis for both medical and adult use, requiring at least 15,000 square feet of grow space.
  • Micro-cultivator: Grows cannabis for medical and adult use, with initial grow space between 2,000 and 10,000 square feet. Expansion in increments of 5,000 square feet per year is allowed.
  • Producer: Grows cannabis for medicinal use only, with no additional licenses currently being issued. Existing producers can apply to convert their license for adult-use growing.

2. Manufacturing Licenses:

  • Product Manufacturer: Performs cannabis extraction, chemical synthesis, and other permitted manufacturing activities.
  • Food and Beverage Manufacturer: Incorporates cannabis into food or beverages for human consumption.
  • Product Packager: Responsible for labeling and packaging cannabis in compliance with state regulations

3. Sales Licenses:

  • Retailer: Sells cannabis only for adult use.
  • Hybrid Retailer: Sells cannabis for both adult use and to qualifying patients and caregivers for medical use.
  • Dispensary Facility: Sells cannabis only to qualifying patients and caregivers for medical use, with no additional licenses currently being issued.

4. Delivery and Transportation Licenses:

  • Delivery Service: Delivers cannabis from cannabis establishments to consumers, qualifying patients, and caregivers.
  • Transporter: Delivers cannabis between cannabis establishments, laboratories, and research programs.

5. Individual Licenses and Registrations:

  • Backer: Has a financial interest in a cannabis establishment and participates in its control, management, or operation.
  • Key Employee: Holds specific managerial positions within a cannabis establishment.
  • Employee: Anyone employed by or having access to a cannabis establishment.

These licenses ensure the proper management and regulation of cannabis production, manufacturing, sales, and distribution within the state, aligning with Connecticut’s regulatory framework.

The process for applying for a cannabis license in Connecticut involves several steps:

  1. Lottery Application: If the Department of Consumer Protection (DCP) receives more applications than the maximum number of licenses available, a lottery system is used. There are two types of lotteries: a social equity lottery (for social equity applicants) and a general lottery (including all social equity applicants not selected, applicants who didn’t qualify for the social equity lottery, and non-social equity applicants).
  2. Lottery and Review Process:
  • DCP assigns a unique identifier to each application and provides these to a third-party lottery operator.
  • The operator randomizes and ranks the applications, informing DCP of the selected applications.
  • For social equity lotteries, the Social Equity Council reviews the selected applicants to confirm they meet qualifying criteria.
  • Disqualified applicants are replaced with the next sequentially ranked application.
  • DCP reviews the backers of selected applicants for disqualifying convictions, administrative findings, judicial decisions, and ownership cap violations.
  • After selection, the lottery operator and DCP match the application identifiers with the applicant names.

Additional details, such as the complete application process, specific requirements for each license type, and documentation needed, were not fully accessible during my search. It’s advisable to check the Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection’s official website or contact them directly for comprehensive and detailed instructions on the application process for different cannabis licenses.

Maintaining Legal Cannabis Operation

Maintaining a legal cannabis operation in Connecticut involves several key steps and adherence to a strict regulatory framework set by the state. Here are the essential aspects to consider:

  1. Compliance with Licensing Requirements: Ensure that your operation has all necessary licenses for your specific type of cannabis business (e.g., cultivator, retailer, manufacturer, etc.). Regularly renew these licenses as required.
  2. Adherence to Zoning and Local Laws: Comply with local zoning laws and ordinances. Some municipalities may have additional regulations or restrictions regarding cannabis businesses.
  3. Following State Regulations and Policies: Stay updated with state statutes, regulations, and policies related to cannabis operations. This includes rules on cultivation, manufacturing, packaging, labeling, and selling cannabis products.
  4. Seed-to-Sale Tracking: Use the state-mandated BioTrack system to track cannabis products from seed to sale. This system helps in monitoring cannabis production and inventory, ensuring there is no unlawful diversion of products.
  5. Quality Control and Testing: Ensure that all cannabis products meet state standards for quality and safety. This may involve regular testing for potency and contaminants.
  6. Security Measures: Implement robust security measures as required by state law to prevent theft and unauthorized access to cannabis products. This might include surveillance systems, secure storage, and controlled access to facilities.
  7. Employee Training and Management: Train your employees thoroughly about state laws and regulations related to cannabis, as well as your internal policies and procedures. Make sure key employees and backers are in compliance with state requirements.
  8. Record-Keeping and Reporting: Maintain accurate records of your operations, including financial records, inventory tracking, and sales data. Be prepared to report this information to state authorities as required.
  9. Tax Compliance: Understand and comply with state and federal tax requirements. This includes the proper collection and remittance of sales taxes and other relevant taxes.
  10. Legal Updates: Stay informed about changes in cannabis laws and regulations at both the state and federal levels. Laws governing cannabis are evolving, and staying informed is crucial for legal compliance.
  11. Community Relations: Maintain good relationships with the local community and be responsive to community concerns. This can include participating in community meetings, contributing to local causes, and ensuring your operation does not negatively impact the surrounding area.
  12. Environmental Compliance: Follow state and federal environmental regulations, particularly regarding waste disposal, water use, and pesticide use in cultivation.

By meticulously following these guidelines, you can maintain a legal and successful cannabis operation in Connecticut. It’s also advisable to consult with legal experts specializing in cannabis laws to ensure full compliance with all regulatory requirements.

Explore licensing requirements in another state: Arkansas state track & trace system (

If you’re seeking assistance with handling your Biotrack responsibilities, get in touch. Blakthumb simplifies this process by integrating it all into one convenient platform.

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